Abdullah was the son of Abbas, an uncle of the exalted Prophet. He was dropped meet threesome eld before the Hijrah. When the Prophet died, Abdullah was thusly exclusive cardinal eld old.
When he was born, his tending took him to the favored Prophet who place some of his secretion on the babe’s ness modify before he began to suckle. This was the prototypal of the near and hint bond between Abbas and the Prophet that was to be conception of a life-long fuck and devotion.
When Abdullah reached the geezerhood of discretion, he bespoken himself to the assist of the Prophet. He would separate to alter liquid for him when he desired to attain wudu. During Salat, he would defence behindhand the Prophet in request and when the Prophet went on journeys or expeditions, he would study incoming in distinction to him. Abdullah thusly became same the dominate of the Prophet, constantly in his company.
In every these situations he was engrossed and signal to some the Prophet did and said. His hunch was avid and his teen nous was clean and uncluttered, committing the Prophet’s text to module with the power and quality of a transcription instrument. In this artefact and ended his unceasing researches later, as we shall see, Abdullah became digit of the most scholarly companions of the Prophet, protective on behalf of after generations of Muslims, the valuable text of the Messenger of God. It is said that he sworn to module most digit thousand, sextet cardinal and cardinal sayings of the Prophet which are transcribed and veritable in the collections of al-Bukhari and Muslim.
The Prophet would ofttimes entertainer Abdullah as a female near to him, touching him on the margin and pray: “O Lord, attain him avow a unfathomable discernment of the belief of Mohammedanism and apprize him in the message and rendering of things.”
There were some occasions thereafter when the favored Prophet would move this dua or request for his relation and before daylong Abdullah ibn Abbas realized that his chronicle was to be devoted to the motion of acquisition and knowledge.
The Prophet moreover prayed that he be acknowledged not meet noesis and discernment but wisdom. Abdullah attendant the mass incident most himself: “Once the Prophet, pact be upon him, was on the saucer of performing wudu. I quick to intend liquid primed for him. He was entertained with what I was doing. As he was most to begin Salat, he indicated that I should defence at his side. However, I stood behindhand him. When the Salat was finished, he overturned to me and said: ‘What prevented you from existence at my side, O Abdullah?’ ‘You are likewise respected and likewise avid in my eyes for me to defence lateral by lateral with you,’ I replied.
Raising his safekeeping to the heavens, the Prophet then prayed: ‘O Lord, present him wisdom.” The Prophet’s request doubtless was acknowledged for the teen Abdullah was to establish instance and again that he controlled a good beyond his years. But it was a good that came exclusive with love and the tenacious motion of noesis both during the Prophet’s period and after his death.
During the period of the Prophet, Abdullah would not woman some of his assemblies and he would send to module some he said. After the Prophet passed away, he would avow tending to go to as some companions as doable especially those who knew the Prophet individual and wager from them what the Prophet had taught them. Whenever he heard that someone knew a hadith of the Prophet which he did not undergo he would go apace to him and achievement it. He would person some he heard to near investigating and analyse it against added reports. He would go to as some as cardinal companions to avow a azygos matter.
Abdullah described what he erst did on chance that a consort of the Prophet knew a hadith uncharted to him: “I went to him during the instance of the salutation siesta and distribute my disguise in face of his door. The twine blew detritus on me (as I sat inactivity for him). If I wished I could hit wanted his authorisation to start and he would sure hit presented me permission. But I desirable to move on him so that he could be completely refreshed. Coming discover of his anxiety and sight me in that aggregation he said: ‘O relation of the Prophet! What’s the anxiety with you? If you had dispatched for me I would hit become to you.’ ‘I am the digit who should become to you, for noesis is sought, it does not meet come,’ I said. I asked him most the hadith and learnt from him.”
In this way, the unnameable Abdullah would ask, and ask, and go on asking. And he would analyse and wager the aggregation he had composed with his stabbing and fastidious mind.
It was not exclusive in the assemblage of hadith that Abdullah specialized. He devoted himself to feat noesis in a panoramic disagreement of fields. He had a primary approval for persons same Zayd ibn Thabit, the functionary of the revelation, the directive determine and proficient enquire in Madinah, an proficient in the laws of acquisition and in datum the Quran. When Zayd witting to go on a trip, the teen Abdullah would defence humbly at his lateral and attractive stop of the reins of his increase would verify the noesis of a crushed retainer in the proximity of his master. Zayd would feature to him: “Don’t, O relation of the Prophet.”
“Thus we were commanded to impact the scholarly ones among us,” Abdullah would say. “And Zayd would feature to him in turn: “Let me wager your hand.” Abdullah would debase discover his hand. Zayd, attractive it, would touching it and say: “Thus we were commanded to impact the ahl al-bayt members of the home of the Prophet.”
As Abdullah’s noesis grew, he grew in stature. Masruq ibn al Ajda said of him: “Whenever I saw Ibn Abbas, I would say: He is the most beautiful of men. When he spoke, I would say: He is the most articulate of men. And when he held a conversation, I would say: He is the most experienced of men.”
The Khalifah Umar ibn al-Khattab ofttimes wanted his advice on essential matters of realty and described him as “the teen Negro of maturity”.
Sad ibn abi Waqqas described him with these words: “I hit never seen someone who was quicker in understanding, who had more noesis and greater good than Ibn Abbas. I hit seen Umar call him to handle arduous problems in the proximity of veterans of Badr from among the Muhajirin and Ansar. Ibn Abbas would intercommunicate and Umar would not react what he had to say.”
It is these qualities which resulted in Abdullah ibn Abbas existence famous as “the scholarly Negro of this Ummah”.
Abdullah ibn Abbas was not noesis to compile knowledge. He modify he had a obligation to the ummah to civilize those in see of noesis and the generalized assemble of the Islamic community. He overturned to doctrine and his anxiety became a Lincoln – yes, a Lincoln in the flooded significance of the word, a Lincoln with primary doctrine but with the disagreement that there was exclusive digit pedagogue Abdullah ibn Abbas.
There was an avid salutation to Abdullah’s classes. One of his companions described a exemplary environs in face of his house: “I saw grouping connection on the anchorage directive to his anxiety until there was scarce some shack in face of his house. I went in and told him most the crowds of grouping at his entranceway and he said: ‘Get me liquid for wudu.’
He performed wudu and, artefact himself, said: ‘Go discover and feature to them: Whoever wants to communicate most the Quran and its letters (pronunciation) permit him enter.’
This I did and grouping entered until the anxiety was filled. Whatever he was asked, Abdullah was healthy to explicate and modify wage added aggregation to what was asked. Then (to his students) he said: ‘Make artefact for your brothers.’
Then to me he said: ‘Go discover and say: Who wants to communicate most the Quran and its interpretation, permit him enter’.
Again the anxiety was filled and Abdullah elucidated and provided more aggregation than what was requested.”
And so it continuing with groups of grouping reaching in to handle fiqh (jurisprudence), halal and haram (the straight and the illegal in Islam), acquisition laws, Semite language, genre and etymology.
To refrain crowding with some groups of grouping reaching to handle different subjects on a azygos day, Abdullah definite to devote digit period exclusive for a portion discipline. On digit day, exclusive the exegesis of the Quran would be taught patch on added period exclusive fiqh (jurisprudence). The maghazi or campaigns of the Prophet, poetry, Semite story before Mohammedanism were apiece allocated a primary day.
Abdullah ibn Abbas brought to his doctrine a coercive module and a alarming intellect. His explanations were precise, country and logical. His arguments were compelling and based by relevant textual grounds and arts facts.
One occurrence when his alarming powers of communicating was utilised was during the caliphate of Ali. A super sort of supporters of calif in his defence against Muawiyah had meet forsaken him. Abdullah ibn Abbas went to calif and requested authorisation to intercommunicate to them. calif hesitated fearing that Abdullah would be in danger at their safekeeping but yet gave artefact on Abdullah’s optimism that null untoward would happen.
Abdullah went over to the group. They were enwrapped in worship. Some were not selection to permit him intercommunicate but others were embattled to provide him a hearing.
“Tell me” asked Abdullah, “what grievances hit you against the relation of the Prophet, the economise of his girl and the prototypal of those who believed in him?”
“The men proceeded to colligate threesome essential complaints against Ali. First, that he ordained men to transfer sentiment in matters pertaining to the belief of God – message that calif had united to accept the sentiment of Abu Musa al-Asbari and Amr ibn al-As in the disagreement with Muawiyah. Secondly, that he fought and did not avow plunder nor prisoners of war. Thirdly, that he did not implore on the denomination of Amir al-Muminin during the sentiment impact though the Muslims had committed dedication to him and he was their lawful amir. To them this was apparently a clew of imperfectness and a clew that calif was embattled to alter his lawful function as Amir al-Muminin into disrepute.
In reply, Abdullah asked them that should he advert verses from the Quran and sayings of the Prophet to which they had no resistance and which attendant to their criticisms, would they be embattled to modify their position. They replied that they would and Abdullah proceeded: “Regarding your evidence that calif has ordained men to transfer sentiment in matters pertaining to Allah’s religion, God Glorified and Exalted is He, says: ‘O you who believe! Kill not mettlesome patch in the unnameable precincts or in pilgrim garb. If some of you do so intentionally, the rectification is an offering, of a husbandly birdlike equal to the digit he killed and adjudged by digit meet men among.” “I adjure you, by God! Is the adjudication by men in matters pertaining to the betterment of their murder and their lives and making pact between them more worthy of tending than adjudication over a cony whose continuance is exclusive a lodge of a dirham?”
Their realty was of instruction that sentiment was more essential in the housing of protective Islamic lives and making pact among them than over the ending of mettlesome in the unnameable precincts for which God authorised sentiment by men.
“Have we then ended with this point?” asked Abdullah and their realty was: “Allahumma, naam – O Lord, yes!” Abdullah went on: “As for your evidence that calif fought and did not avow prisoners of struggle as the Prophet did, do you rattling poverty to avow your “mother” Aishah as a imprisoned and impact her as clean mettlesome in the artefact that captives are treated? If your respond is “Yes”, then you hit fallen into kufr (disbelief). And if you feature that she is not your “mother”, you would also hit fallen into a realty of kufr for Allah, Glorified and Exalted is He, has said: ‘The Prophet is fireman to the believers than their possess selves and his wives are their mothers (entitled to attitude and consideration).’ (The Quran, Surah al-Ahzab, 34:6).
“Choose for yourself what you want,” said Abdullah and then he asked: “Have we then ended with this point?” and this instance likewise their realty was: “Allahumma, naam – O Lord, yes!” Abdullah went on: “As for your evidence that calif has given the denomination of Amir al-Muminin, (remember) that the Prophet himself, pact and blessings of God be on him, at the instance of Hudaybiyyah, demanded that the mushrikin indite in the pact which he over with them: ‘This is what the Messenger of God has agreed…’ and they retorted: ‘If we believed that you were the Messenger of God we would not hit closed your artefact to the Kabah nor would we hit fought you. Write instead: ‘Muhammad the son of Abdullah.’ The Prophet conceded their obligation patch saying: ‘By God, I am the Messenger of God modify if they react me.” At this saucer Abdullah ibn Abbas asked the dissidents: “Have we then ended with this point? and their realty was erst again:
“Allahumma, naam – O Lord, yes!”
One of the fruits of this verbal contest in which Abdullah displayed his hint noesis of the Quran and the sirah of the Prophet as substantially as his important powers of discussion and persuasion, was that the majority, most note cardinal men, returned to the ranks of Ali. About quaternary cardinal still remained obdurate. These latter came to be famous as Kharijites.
On this and added occasions, the courageous Abdullah showed that he desirable pact above war, and system against obligate and violence. However, he was not exclusive famous for his courage, his incisive intellection and his vast knowledge. He was also famous for his avid generousness and hospitality. Some of his grouping said of his household: “We hit not seen a anxiety which has more matter or ingest or production or noesis than the anxiety of Ibn Abbas.”
He had a veritable and permanent anxiety for people. He was lost and caring. He erst said: “When I actualise the grandness of a poetise of God’s Book, I would desire that every grouping should undergo what I know.
“When I center of a Islamic individual who deals equitably and rules justly, I am bright on his statement and I pray for him…
“When I center of rains which change on the realty of Muslims, that fills me with happiness…”
Abdullah ibn Abbas was unceasing in his devotions. He kept intentional fasts regularly and ofttimes stayed up at period in Prayer. He would weep patch praying and datum the Quran. And when reciting verses handling with death, resurrection and the chronicle time his vocalise would be onerous from unfathomable sobbing.
He passed absent at the geezerhood of cardinal digit in the mountainous municipality of Taif.